The 10 new animal species discovered in 2016

representative_marine_isopod_forms
Forms of representative marine isopods – CC BY 3.0

From the horse devil, until a new primate that could be a new humanoid species. Biology does not stop surprising, evolution and diversity of life forms on earth, astound us, and we show that we know in part and partly unknown. many things on the planet.

  • The horse of the devil. The damselfly is a suborder of the order Odonata commonly known as damselflies. They differ from other odonates because their wings at rest are lined up along the abdomen and his eyes are considerably apart. Damselflies, like the rest of Odonata, are hemimetabolous animals, which undergo incomplete metamorphosis. its nymphal stage is water, the female lays eggs in water, sometimes submerged vegetation or high up in trees and cavities receiving rainwater and there submerged grow into a special layer that protects them and gives them the heat required for their formation or metamorphosis. Umma Gumma is the one of the 60 species of dragonflies and damselflies discovered in Africa. his name and gender, combined coincide with the album’s title Umma Gumma pink floyd, which, in the argot of Cambridge, means making love.
  • A isopod constructor. Isopods are the most diverse order of crustaceans, widely distributed in all media, especially in marine, although there are terrestrial and freshwater species. the study of fossils, give indications that this order dates at least Paleozoic 300 million a year ago periods. The new species discovered call, Iuiuniscus iuiuensis is blind, amphibious and des pigmented, and may be of the order of isopods. With conical plates at the base of its legs that give spiny appearance and a peculiar behavior: to molt their exoskeleton spherical mud shelters are built, so the builder. It was found in a cave in Brazil whose inner chambers are flooded during the rainy season.
  • A carnivorous plant that was discovered through social networks. The discovery of the magnificent sundew was made possible by the photos posted on Facebook. Drosera or sundew is the largest genus of carnivorous plants and this species is the largest discovered in America. Only present on the top of a hill and was declared critically endangered. Often it is often condemn social networks such as Facebook and WhatsApp, but sometimes these – transmit information in a very useful way for our civilization.
  • A human ancestor. Paradoxically we think we are the only species that has reigned the land after exterminated the Neanderthals. But we can not really say so or if it is not. Our planet is very complex. Millions of periods prior to our development, other species also cohabited and developed forms of life that is still unknown. The site where fossils of Homo Naledi, species of the genus Homo, were found contains at least 15 different individuals, the largest grouping of remains of a single species of hominid discovered in Africa. It is a mixture with other species Australopithecus Homo.
  •  Flowers such as tomato plant. Solannona flowers resemble sirdavidia of this fruit and potatoes. It studies whether bees cause the dispersal of pollen by producing ultrasonic vibration of its wings. It was discovered in Gabon and is the only representative of the genus Sirdavidia.
  • A red sea dragon. The dewysea phyllopteryx is less than three centimeters, ruby red, with vertical lines and light marks on its snout. Its discovery in shallow waters, is a wakeup call to all the natural wonders we have yet discovered in our seas.
  • A very ugly monkfish. Like the rest of the rape – has a body that projects above his head, but in this case is bioluminescent. It is believed that this body uses to attract prey. It’s called “lasiognathus dinema”, measures just 5 cm and was discovered during an assessment of the impacts of the oil spill Deepwater Horizon in 2010, in the Gulf of magic.
  • A giant Galapagos tortoise. No animal is more immediately associated with the evolution of Darwin as the giant tortoises of the Galapagos. Genetic analysis determined the existence of two different species on the island of Santa Cruz. What we thought were some differences between the populations of the eastern and western turtles on the island proved to be the characteristics Chelonoidis donfaustoi, a new kind of just 250 individuals.
  • A missing link in evolution. Laia. it was a female monkey species pliobates Cataloniae. Medium bodied lived 11, 6 million years ago in Spain. Their finding raises the possibility that early humans could have been more closely related to the great apes gibbons. He weighed between 4 and 5 kilos and 45 centimeters.
  • As tiny as a pinhead beetle. Researchers still do not give name to this new species that have a peculiar way of life in a world inhabited by little studied from insects to frogs. They have their homes in the pools of water that collect in the hollows of the plants such as tree holes and leaf bases of bromeliads. Most are found in the forest floor where they feed on decaying materials. So far, the plants documented as the home of the new species belong to the Zingiberáceos, an order of plants including ginger and banana.
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