Fraser Island is the island of the world’s largest sand with 1630 km². It was inscribed as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1992. It is a true paradise surrounded by white sand beaches and endemic flora and fauna of the region. Fraser Island is located off the east coast of Australia near Maryborough, 200 km north of Brisbane in Queensland. The island is part of the Great Sandy National Park.
First inhabitants. The original inhabitants were the Aborigines, which suffered great effect by colonization. The arrival of European settlers was a disaster. You can not find one today. The first inhabitants of the village were Fraser Island Butchulla. Archaeological research has shown that lived there for over 5,000 years, but new research could be traced to the occupation of the island at times older still. Today, fish traps, the remains of campfires, the traces left in the trunks of trees or debris (mainly shells) are testimony to the presence of these first inhabitants. Aborigines lived in shelters whose roof was made of strips of bark largas- about two to three meters. In winter, possum skins and a fire in the hut served to warm up.
A man could not marry a woman of the same clan and their children belonged to the clan of the mother. Declining Aboriginal abruptly began in 1860 with the arrival of loggers and the crews of the merchant marine who brought with them diseases, alcohol and opium. In 1904, the island had only 150 inhabitants were deported to the reserves of the continent.
Fauna and Flora. 230 species of birds and 25 species of mammals live on the island. Dingoes are quite common. These are among the last pure-bred dingoes Australia and is why, to avoid crossing dogs are not allowed on the island. tourists not alimentasen to dingoes to maintain their wild behavior and also asked not accustomed to being around humans. The island is also home to a unique flora. Most of the territory is covered with grass, shrubs, eucalyptus and acacias. There are also palms, huge kauri and prehistoric ferns that form the peculiarity of the vegetation. The tropical forest is also the only island in the world growing on sand.