When we speak of the Galapagos Islands, certainly we remember the naturalist Charles Darwin, who in the middle of the British expedition to the Galapagos on September 15, 1835 conducted a scientific study of geology and biology on four of the islands formulating the theory “The origins of species “.
The Galapagos Islands (Galapagos Islands also and officially Colón Archipelago or Galapagos Archipelago) are an archipelago located in the Pacific Ocean 972 km off the coast of Ecuador. The Galapagos is made up of 13 large islands with more than 10 km² surface, medium islands with an area of 1 km² to 10 km² and other 215 islands of small size, as well as rocky headlands of a few square meters, distributed around the line Earth Ecuador.
Magical. A small to describe the rich biodiversity that house the islands and islets word. Browse this place (Galapagos Archipelago) is a magical adventure that takes us to a paradise of life at its best. The islands were declared a World Heritage Site in 1978 by UNESCO. The archipelago has the largest source of tourism income and receives 200,000 visitors a year. It has also developed eco-tourism in order to preserve the species.
Incredible. Many may believe that it is a dream and not the reality of the existence of this place, which is considered as an amazing adventure to be able to visit to see giant tortoises and prehistoric (Galapagos giant tortoise) that even walk on our planet. The region was home to Lonesome George, the last specimen of Pinta giant tortoise species, extinct on 24 June 2012. The islands are also home to species such as sea turtles, iguanas, lizards, cormorants, albatrosses, sea lions and penguins.
Administratively, Galapagos is a province of Ecuador, consisting of three cantons which in turn are islands, which are San Cristobal, Santa Cruz and Isabela. The February 12, 1832, under the presidency of Juan Jose Flores, the Galapagos Islands were annexed to Ecuador. From February 18, 1973 are a province of this country. The islands were formed 5 million years ago as a result of tectonic activity on the seabed. The current volcanic activity is still expanding the archipelago. The archipelago is one of the most active volcanic groups in the world. Many of the islands are only the tips of some volcanoes and show an advanced state of erosion. Islands Baltra and North Seymour emerged from the ocean by a large tectonic activity.
UNESCO declared the Galapagos Islands as a World Heritage Site in 1979 and, six years later as Biosphere Reserve (1985). In 2007 UNESCO declared the Galapagos Islands as a World Heritage Site in environmental risk and was included on the List of World Heritage in Danger until 2010.